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Geography

Geography throughout the school follows the requirements of the National Curriculum 2014.

 

Key Stage 1

At KS1, children have the following opportunities:

  • investigate the world’s continents and oceans;
  • investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom;

  • compare and contrast a small area of the United Kingdom with that of a non-European country;

  • explore weather and climate in the United Kingdom and around the world;

  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to and describe key physical and human features of locations;

  • use world maps, atlases and globes;

  • use simple compass directions;

  • use aerial photographs;

  • use fieldwork and observational skills.

 

They learn through the following objectives:

  • Name and locate the world’s 7 continents and 5 oceans.
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather;

    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.

  • use simple compass directions (north, south, east and west) and locational and directional language, for example, near and far; left and right, to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to:

    • recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features;

    • devise a simple map;

    • use and construct basic symbols in a key.

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

 

Key Stage 2

At KS2, children have the following opportunities:

  • locate the world’s countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils;
  • locate the world’s countries, with a focus on North and South America and countries of particular interest to pupils;

  • identify key geographical features of the countries of the United Kingdom, and show an understanding of how some of these aspects have changed over time;

  • locate the geographic zones of the world;

  • understand the significance of the geographic zones of the world;

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the United Kingdom (different to that taught at Key Stage 1);

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country;

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human and physical geography of a region or area within North or South America;

  • describe and understand key aspects of:

    • physical geography, including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle;

    • human geography, including settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water supplies;

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied;

  • use 8 points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordinance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world;

  • use a wide range of geographical sources in order to investigate places and pattern;

  • use field work to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.

 

In lower KS2 (Years 3 and 4), they learn through the following objectives:

  • To investigate places:
    • Ask and answer geographical questions about the physical and human characteristics of a location.
    • Explain own views about locations, giving reasons.
    • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital computer mapping to locate countries and describe features.
    • Use field work to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.
    • Use a range of resources to identify the key physical and human features of a location.
    • Name and locate countries and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics including hills, mountains, cities, rivers, key topographical features and land use patterns and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

    • Name and locate the countries of Europe and identify their main physical and human characteristics.

  • To investigate patterns:
    • Name and locate the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle and date and time zones, and describe some of the characteristics of these geographical areas.
    • Describe geographical similarities and differences between countries.

    • Describe how the locality of the school has changed over time.

  • To communicate geographically:
    • Describe key aspects of:
      • physical geography, including rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle;
      • human geography, including settlements and land use.
    • Use the 8 points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and key to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.

 

In upper KS2 (Years 5 and 6), they learn through the following objectives:

  • To investigate places:
    • Collect and analyse statistics and other information in order to draw clear conclusions about locations.

    • Identify and describe how the physical features affect the human activity within a location.

    • Use a range of geographical resources to give detailed descriptions and opinions of the characteristic features of a location.

    • Use different types of fieldwork sampling (random and systematic) to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area. Record the results in a range of ways.

    • Analyse and give views on the effectiveness of different geographical representations of a location (such as aerial images compared with maps and topological maps – as in London’s Tube map).

    • Name and locate some of the countries and cities of the world and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features and land-use patterns and understand how some of these aspects have changes over time.

    • Name and locate the countries of North and South America and identify their main physical and human characteristics.

  • To investigate patterns:
    • Identify and describe the geographical significance of latitude, longitude, equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, and time zones (including day and night).

    • Understand some of the reasons for geographical similarities and differences between countries.

    • Describe how location around the world are changing and explain some of the reasons for change.

    • Describe geographical diversity across the world.

    • Describe how countries and geographical regions are interconnected and interdependent.

  • To communicate geographically:
    • Describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle, human geography, including settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water supplies.

    • Use the 8 points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and a key (that uses standard Ordnance Survey symbols) to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.

    • Create maps of locations identifying patterns (such as land use, climate zones, population densities, height of land).


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