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Lower Key Stage 2

Opportunities at Year 3 and 4



Autumn term

Spring term

Summer term


  • Write stories set in places pupils have been
  • Write stories that contain mythical, legendary or historical characters
  • Write letters
  • Write stories of mystery and suspense
  • Write plays
  • Write stories of adventure


  • Write persuasively
  • Write instructions
  • Write explanations
  • Write non-chronological reports
  • Write biographies
  • Write in a journalistic style
  • Write recounts
  • Write arguments


  • Learn by heart and perform a significant poem
  • Write haiku and cinquain
  • Write poems that convey an image (simile, word play, rhyme and metaphor)




Y3 and 4 Writing


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To write with purpose

  • Write for a wide range of purposes using the main features identified in reading
  • Use techniques used by authors to create characters and settings
  • Compose and rehearse sentences orally
  • Plan, write, edit and improve

To use imaginative description

  • Create characters, settings and plots
  • Use alliteration effectively
  • Use similes effectively
  • Use a range of descriptive phrases including some collective nouns

To organise writing appropriately

  • Use organisational devices such as headings and sub headings
  • Use the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Use connectives that signal time, shift attention, inject suspense and shift setting

To use paragraphs

  • Organise paragraphs around a theme
  • Sequence paragraphs

To use sentences appropriately

  • Use a mixture of simple, compound and complex sentences
  • Write sentences that include: conjunctions, adverbs, direct speech, punctuated correctly, clauses and adverbial phrases

To present neatly

  • Join letters, deciding which letters are best left un-joined
  • Make handwriting legible by ensuring down strokes of letters are parallel and letters are spaced appropriately

To spell correctly

  • Use prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them
  • Spell further homophones
  • Spell correctly often misspelt words
  • Place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals (for example, girls’, boys’) and in words with irregular plurals (for example, children’s)
  • Use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary
  • Write from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher that include words and punctuation taught so far

To punctuate accurately

  • Develop understanding of writing concept by:
  • Extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions including when, if, because, although
  • Using the present perfect form of verbs in contrast to the past tense
  • Choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion and to avoid repetition
  • Using conjunction, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause
  • Using fronted adverbials
  • Indicate grammatical and other features by;
  • Using commas after fronted adverbials
  • Indicating possession by using the possessive apostrophe with plural nouns
  • Using and punctuating direct speech

To analyse writing

  • Use and understand grammatical terminology when using and discussing writing and reading


Year 3

  • Word family, conjunction, adverb, preposition, direct speech, inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’), prefix, consonant, vowel, clause, subordinate clause


Year 4

  • Pronoun, possessive pronoun, adverbial

To present writing

  • Read aloud writing to a group or whole class, using appropriate intonation



Y3 and 4 Reading


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To read words accurately

  • Apply a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology)
  • Read further exception words, noting the spellings

To understand texts

  • Draw inferences from reading
  • Predict from details stated and implied
  • Recall and summarise main ideas
  • Discuss words and phrases that capture the imagination
  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction using titles, headings, subheadings and indexes
  • Prepare poems and plays to read aloud with expression, volume, tone and intonation
  • Identify the recurring themes and elements of different stories (e.g. good triumphing over evil)
  • Recognise some different forms of poetry
  • Explain and discuss understanding of reading, maintaining focus on the topic
  • Ask questions to improve understanding of a text
  • Check that the text makes sense discussing understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context
  • Draw inferences, such as inferring characters feelings thoughts and motives from their actions and justifying inferences with evidence
  • Predict what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Identify main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarise these
  • Identify how language structure and presentation contribute to meaning



Y3 and 4 Communication


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To listen carefully and understand

  • Engage in discussions, making relevant points
  • Ask for specific additional information to clarify
  • Understand the meaning of some phrases beyond the literal interpretation

To develop a wide and interesting vocabulary

  • Use time, size and other measurements to quantify
  • Use interesting adjectives, adverbial phrases and extend noun phrases in discussion
  • Use vocabulary that is appropriate to the topic being discussed or the audience that is listening

To speak with clarity

  • Use verbs with irregular endings
  • Use a mixture of sentence lengths to add interest to discussions and explanations
  • Use intonation to emphasise grammar and punctuation when reading aloud

To tell stories with structure

  • Bring stories to life with expression and intonation
  • Read the audience to know when to add detail and when to leave it out

To hold conversations and debates

  • Make relevant comments or ask questions in a discussion or a debate
  • Seek clarification by actively seeking to understand others’ points of view
  • Respectfully challenge opinions or points offering an alternative