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Upper Key Stage 2

Opportunities at Year 5 and 6



Autumn term

Spring term

Summer term


  • Write stories set in places pupils have been
  • Write stories that contain mythical, legendary or historical characters
  • Write letters
  • Write stories of mystery and suspense
  • Write plays
  • Write stories of adventure


  • Write persuasively
  • Write instructions
  • Write explanations
  • Write non-chronological reports
  • Write biographies
  • Write in a journalistic style
  • Write recounts
  • Write arguments


  • Learn by heart and perform a significant poem
  • Write haiku and cinquain
  • Write poems that convey an image (simile, word play, rhyme and metaphor)




Y5 and 6 Writing


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To write with purpose

  • Identify the audience for writing
  • Choose the appropriate form of writing using the main features identified in reading
  • Note, develop and research ideas
  • Plan, draft, write, edit and improve

To use imaginative description

  • Use the techniques that authors use to create characters, settings and plots
  • Create vivid images by using alliteration, similes, metaphors and personification
  • Interweave descriptions of characters, settings and atmosphere with dialogue

To organise writing appropriately

  • Guide the reader by using a range of organisational devises, including a range of connectives
  • Choose effective grammar and punctuation and propose changes to improve clarity
  • Ensure correct use of tenses throughout a piece of writing

To use paragraphs

  • Write paragraphs that give the reader a sense of clarity
  • Write paragraphs that make sense if read alone
  • Write cohesively at length

To use sentences appropriately

  • Write sentences that include:
  • Relative clauses
  • Modal verbs
  • Relative pronouns
  • Brackets
  • Parenthesis
  • A mixture of active and passive voice
  • A clear subject and object
  • Hyphens, colons and semi colons
  • Bullet points

To present neatly

  • Write fluently and legibly with a personal style

To spell correctly

  • Use prefixes, applying guidelines for adding them
  • Spell some words with silent letters (knight, psalm, solemn)
  • Distinguish between homophones and other words that are often confused
  • Use knowledge or morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that some words need to be learnt specifically
  • Use dictionaries to check spelling and meaning of words
  • Use the first three or four letters of a word to look up the meaning or spelling of words in a dictionary
  • Use a thesaurus

To punctuate accurately

  • Develop understanding of writing concepts by:
  • Recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms
  • Using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
  • Using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  • Using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility
  • Using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun
  • Indicate grammatical and other features by
  • Using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
  • Using hyphens to avoid ambiguity
  • Using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
  • Using semi-colons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses
  • Using a colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuating bullet points consistently

To analyse writing

  • Use and understand grammatical terminology when discussing writing and reading


Year 5

  • Relative clause, modal verb, relative pronoun, parenthesis, bracket, dash, determiner, cohesion, ambiguity


Year 6

  • Active and passive voice, subject and object, hyphen, synonym, colon, semi-colon, bullet points

To present writing

  • Perform compositions, using appropriate intonation and volume



Y5 and 6 Reading


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To read words accurately

  • Apply knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (note: this is be through normal reading rather than direct teaching)

To understand texts

  • Recommend books to peers giving reasons for choices
  • Identify and discuss themes and conventions in and across the wide range of writing
  • Make comparisons within and across books
  • Learn a wide range of poetry by heart
  • Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience
  • Check that the book makes sense, discussing understanding and exploring the meaning of the words in context
  • Ask questions to improve understanding
  • Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
  • Predict what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Summarise the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning
  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader
  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction
  • Participate in discussion about books, taking turns and listening and responding to what others say



Y5 and 6 Communication


Children will learn…

They will be able to…

To listen carefully and understand

  • Understand how to answer questions that require more than a yes/no or single sentence response
  • Recognise and explain some idioms
  • Understand irony (when it is obvious)

To develop a wide and interesting vocabulary

  • Use adventurous and sophisticated vocabulary
  • Explain the meaning of words, offering alternatives
  • Use a wide range of phrases that include determiners, modifiers and other techniques to add extra interest and clarity

To speak with clarity

  • Vary the length and structure of sentences
  • Ask questions and make suggestions to take an active part in discussions
  • Comment on the grammatical structure of a range of spoken and written accounts

To tell stories with structure

  • Narrate detailed and exciting stories
  • Use the conventions and structure appropriate to the type of story being told
  • Interweave action, character descriptions, settings and dialogue

To hold conversations and debates

  • Negotiate and compromise by offering alternatives
  • Debate, using relevant details to support points
  • Offer alternative explanations when others don’t understand